A Few years ago psychologist Ruth W. Berenda and
her associates carried out an interesting experiment with teenagers designed to show how a
person handled group pressure. The plan was simple. They brought groups of ten adolescents
into a room for a test. Subsequently each group of ten was instructed to raise their hands
when the teacher pointed to the longest line on three separate charts. What one person in
the group did not know was that nine of the others in the room had been instructed ahead
of time to vote for the second-longest line.
Regardless of the instructions they heard, once
they were all together in the group, the nine were not to vote for the longest line, but
rather vote for the next-to-the-longest line.
The desire of the psychologists was to determine
how one person reacted when completely surrounded by a large number of people who
obviously stood against what was true.
The experiment began with nine teen-agers voting
for the wrong line. The stooge would typically glance around, frown in confusion, and slip
his hand up with the group. The instructions were repeated and the next card was raised.
Time after time, the self-conscious stooge would sit there saying a short line is longer
than a long line, simply because he lacked the courage to challenge the group. This
remarkable conformity occurred in about seventy-five percent of the cases, and was true of
small children and high-school students as well.
The Tale Of The Tardy Oxcart
Charles R. Swindoll, Word, p. 434.